The history of technology parallels the long and complex process of human history. Humans began developing various tools and methods to meet basic needs and interact with their environment. The evolution of technology can be divided into significant periods throughout different eras over time.
Early humans developed hunting and survival skills using simple stone tools, creating what is known as the Stone Age. Later, during the Bronze Age, which began with the use of copper and bronze and progressed with the discovery of iron, metalworking technologies became crucial.
In ancient times, technological progress gained momentum with the development of intercivilizational communication and trade. Greek and Roman civilizations were pioneers in drainage systems, bridges, and architectural advancements. The Middle Ages saw the onset of the Renaissance in Europe, marked by inventions such as printing, leading to significant advancements in science, art, and technology.
The Industrial Revolution, starting in late 18th-century England, brought radical changes in areas such as steam power, textile production, and railways. Following this, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the Technological Age began with inventions like electric power, the telephone, automobiles, and radio.
The rise of computer technology in the latter half of the 20th century initiated the Digital Age. The development of microchip technology and the emergence of the internet profoundly transformed global communication and information sharing. Innovations such as computers, mobile phones, and artificial intelligence have become integral parts of our lives today.
The history of technology continues to evolve in a constant process of innovation. In the present day, technological progress persists unabated with innovations in fields like biotechnology, space exploration, and the Internet of Things. The past of technology lays the foundation for the rapid developments we witness today, shaping the future technological paths of humanity.